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这篇文能让你妈妈再也不敢提“别人家的孩子”!


作者:新加坡研究生申请 来源:香港研究生申请 标签:新加坡硕士申请,香港硕士申请

 大家好!张教授(艺名)本人终于被再次排上通告了!

 

今天教授就要来谈一下托福阅读之中一个很重要的逻辑考点——比较逻辑

 

 

同学A:“啊呀!比较逻辑~好简单嘛!小学就晓得了。”

 

同学B:“就是!我妈经常说,你看隔壁老王家的娃儿,人家期末英语考满分儿,你托福咋个就考20分儿?”

 

教授(嘴角轻微上扬,带着一丝让人琢磨不透的眼神):这个时候你就可以说你妈妈,“你的逻辑这么差,考托福也就是20分的料。”

 

那么,这些经常把“别人家的孩子”挂在嘴上的妈妈们,到底犯了什么逻辑错误呢?这个和比较逻辑又有什么关系呢?给我4分钟,让我娓娓道来。

 

 

首先我们来看一个比较关系

 

在所有英语老师里,张教授的演技比其他人都好。

 

 现在思考这几个问题:

1.比较对象是谁?

 

2.比较内容是什么?

 

3.比较结果是什么?

 

4.有没有限制范围?

 

 

我们可以把以上的句子简化成一个公式:张教授>其他人(演技)>英语老师

 

答案:

 

1.比较对象:张教授和其他人(具体说是其他英语老师,但是英语老师我归为限制范围了,对象就先是其他人吧)

 

2.比较内容:演技(不是英语哦,英语大牛太多了不敢口出狂言)

 

3.比较结果:张教授大于其他人

 

4.限制范围:英语老师(不是奥斯卡金球奖的最佳女主角们哦)

 

分析之后可以看出,关于比较逻辑的出题点,基本上都是在这4个方面来进行考察。其中最容易考到,而且也最容易错的,就是比较对象,其次是限制范围。

 

同学A:“啊呀,咋个可能嘛,我又不瞎。”

 

教授(嘴角轻微上扬,带着一丝让人琢磨不透的眼神):“那我们就来看几道题嘛,错了你就来南星拜我为师。

 

例题1:It is not known why Americans are more mobile than most others are, but one possibility relates to the lower levels of company training received by American workers. Another possibility, however, is that the costs of mobility are lower in the United States (despite the fact that Japan and Europe are more densely populated and hence more urban). What would create these lower costs?

 

: According to paragraph 3, what is one possible explanation for why American workers change jobs more frequently than workers elsewhere do?

 

A.The relatively small percentage of American workers who live in urban areas.

 

B.The tendency of American employers to provide less training for workers

 

C.The recent decrease in mobility costs in the United States

 

D.The lower average population density in the United States

 

 

 

 

例题2: Three other explanations seem more promising. One involves physiological changes relevant to memory. Maturation of the frontal lobes of the brain continues throughout early childhood, and this part of the brain may be critical for remembering particular episodes in ways that can be retrieved later. Demonstrations of infants’ and toddlers' long-term memory have involved their repeating motor activities that they had seen or done earlier, such as reaching in the dark for objects, putting a bottle in a doll’s mouth, or pulling apart two pieces of a toy. The brain’s level of physiological maturation may support these types of memories, but not ones requiring explicit verbal descriptions.

 

: What does paragraph 3 suggest about long-term memory in children?

 

A.Maturation of the frontal lobes of the brain is important for the long-term memory of motor activities but not verbal descriptions.

 

B.Young children may form long-term memories of actions they see earlier than of things they hear or are told.

 

C.Young children have better long-term recall of short verbal exchanges than of long ones.

 

D.Children’s long-term recall of motor activities increases when such activities are accompanied by explicit verbal descriptions.

 

 

 

大家先做试试上面的题,我们下期通告来接着分解哦~

 

 

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